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Fibromyalgia is a complex and chronic condition characterised by widespread musculoskeletal pain, fatigue, and heightened sensitivity to touch. It is often accompanied by other symptoms such as sleep disturbances, cognitive difficulties, and mood disorders. While fibromyalgia does not have a known cure, physiotherapy offers effective treatments to manage symptoms, improve function, and enhance quality of life.
The exact cause of Fibromyalgia is not fully understood, but it is believed to involve a combination of genetic, environmental, and psychological factors. Some common causes and risk factors include:
- Genetic Predisposition: There may be a genetic component that makes certain individuals more susceptible to developing fibromyalgia.
- Abnormal Pain Processing: Fibromyalgia is associated with alterations in the way the central nervous system processes pain signals, leading to increased sensitivity and amplified pain responses.
- Physical and Emotional Trauma: Past physical injuries or traumatic events can trigger the onset of fibromyalgia symptoms in some individuals.
- Gender and Age: Fibromyalgia is more prevalent in women, and it often appears during middle adulthood.
The primary symptom of fibromyalgia is widespread pain that affects multiple areas of the body, including the muscles, joints, and soft tissues. Other common symptoms include fatigue, sleep disturbances, cognitive difficulties (often referred to as "fibro fog"), headaches, irritable bowel syndrome, and mood disorders such as depression and anxiety. The symptoms can vary in intensity and may fluctuate over time.
Assessment & Diagnosis
When seeking physiotherapy treatment for fibromyalgia, a thorough assessment and diagnosis are essential. Our qualified physiotherapist will evaluate the individual's medical history and perform physical examinations. This comprehensive approach helps identify the underlying causes and determine the most suitable treatment options.